Education Strategy

 
Mission Statement
To improve access to and quality of education for the maximum number of students.
Snapshot
Having funded 17 projects in Education, constructed x schools across Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and impacted x beneficiaries, ADP’s mission is to improve both access to and quality of schools across the country through one simple solution: scaling low-cost and low-subsidy education models.
Solutions
ADP has narrowed its approach in education to fund the most effective low-subsidy education models. These include:
i) Low Cost Private Schools (LCPS)
LCPS cost > PKR 500 per month, per child and are often the only source of education for marginalized communities, especially where government schools are not present or are of poor quality. LCPS provide affordable education and address critical gaps of demand and supply in education. Many LCPS have a particular focus on female education.

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An ADP investment example
Expanding a school run by the Bunyad Literacy Community Council (Bunyad) in village Natt Kalan, District Lahore: ADP partnered with BLCC in 2013 to expand a girls primary school to secondary level in a village where there was no secondary school for females. Drop out rates were high and early marriages very common. Post ADP’s intervention dropout rates between class 5 and 6 have dropped to x% and over a 100 girls have a chance to complete their education for the first time! With a low operating cost and donor subsidy (approx. PKR 270), the learning outcomes at BLCC schools are superior to other public and private options in the area. Pass rates for board exams are close to 100% whereas ASER scores reveal that students perform far better in BLCC schools in English, Urdu and Mathematics than public and private counterparts.
ii) Self-funding schools
Self-funding schools like ADP’s partner MHSF and SOS Hermann Gmeiner schools target lower middle-income groups and charge tuition fees between PKR 1000-1,500. These schools tend to have superior learning environment and learning outcomes compared to other LCPS and public schools. Teachers are trained and qualified and schools remain sustainable without depending on donors for running expenses.

going home 2 (1)
An ADP investment example
Building a school in Bhun Khurd, Hafizabad, with MH. Sufi Foundation ADP partnered with MH Sufi Foundation for the second time in 2013 to build a primary school for 300 students, catering to 15 villages. Prior to this, the only comparable alternative school providing similar quality education was Beaconhouse School which charges 5x the tuition fees that MHSF does. With school operating costs being covered through tuition fees, MHSF schools are sustainable and self-sufficient. Meanwhile, the quality of the school is high with 100% of teachers holding BA/BSc or a higher degree, attendance rates at 90%, 72% students achieving a 1st division in Matric and ASER scores disclosing 100% in English and Urdu and 80% in Mathematics.
iii) Public-Private Partnerships
P2P Partnership models like adopt-a-school initiatives or government supported private schools deliver better returns on the government’s education spending. As the overwhelming majority of school-going-children study in government schools, this model becomes an effective way to engage the most important stakeholder in Pakistan’s education sector.

PEN 8
An ADP investment example
Expanding a Government Boys School, adopted by the Progress Education Network (PEN), in Sadhoki, Lahore District Prior to ADP’s intervention, 150 students were studying outside in the verandah in extreme weather conditions and there was only 1 washroom for over 300 students. The conditions were unhygienic and overcrowded and additional enrollments were being turned down. The government had ignored the problem. ADP’s grant helped PEN alleviate these problems by adding new classrooms and a washroom. In addition to infrastructural improvements, PEN is also able to add two teachers with BA/Bsc or higher degrees in each government adopted school, run teacher training programs and hold enrolment drives. Overtime, we have seen a 34% increase in enrollment and a 14% improvement in Board Exam results. PEN students perform far better than other government school students at an additional operating cost of just PKR 70. ASER results show 100% in English, Urdu and Mathematics whereas government school averages for the same courses fall below or at 50%.
What We Look For?
The Metrics

Operation Cost (PKR, monthly per student)
  • Total Expenses
  • Parent Contribution in terms of fees
  • Other Parent Contribution (e.g. land, labour, etc)
  • Private Funding
  • Public Funding
  • Educational Quality - Inputs
  • Students / Teacher
  • Ave. Student Attendance
  • Ave. Teacher Attendance
  • % of Teachers with BA/Bsc or higher
  • Educational Quality - Outputs
  • Survival Rate to 5th Grade
  • Secondary School Continuation Rate
% of 5th Graders that can:
  • Read a story (Urdu)
  • Read a sentence (English)
  • Do arithmetic division
  • % of Matric students receiving 1st division
  • Ave. Result for Class 5 Board Exam
  • Ave. Result for Class 8 Board Exam